In my previous Junos Basics post I covered creating RVI’s to enable routing between different VLAN’s. In this post I’ll cover configuring an uplink port on an EX2200-C switch to trunk the VLAN’s out to an access layer switch – in this case a Cisco 2960S. This will also allow us to compare the trunk config in Junos Vs Cisco IOS.
Juniper uses the IEEE 802.1Q standard for VLAN trunking, whereas Cisco has it’s own proprietary trunking protocol ISL (Inter Switch Link) as an option on some of it’s switch models. The 2960S range of switches can use only 802.1Q which means both ends of our trunk will talk the same language by default and play together nicely!
Firstly, to configure the port on the Juniper switch as a trunk:
set interfaces ge-0/1/0 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk
This sets the port as a trunk, but it is still not actively trunking for any VLAN’s at this point. We need to specify which VLAN’s should be trunked on the interface:
set interfaces ge-0/1/0 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members [SALES IT]
Moving onto the Cisco side of the trunk, the configuration is equally as simple:
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/47 switchport trunk allowed vlan 100,200 switchport mode trunk
The main difference between the two platforms is that as soon as you set the Cisco switch port mode to Trunk, it starts to trunk for ALL VLAN’s, until you tell it which VLAN’s are allowed to be trunked on it. With Juniper it’s almost the reverse in that the port does not trunk for any VLAN’s until you explicitly configure it to do so.
Now both sides of the trunk are configured and connected, we can verify our Juniper config with a couple of show commands:
rich@EX2200C> show interfaces ge-0/1/0.0 Logical interface ge-0/1/0.0 (Index 79) (SNMP ifIndex 529) Flags: SNMP-Traps 0x40004000 Encapsulation: ENET2 Bandwidth: 0 Input packets : 0 Output packets: 4600 Protocol eth-switch Flags: Trunk-Mode
rich@EX2200C> show ethernet-switching interfaces Interface State VLAN members Tag Tagging Blocking ge-0/0/0.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/1.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/2.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/3.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/4.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/5.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/6.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/7.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/8.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/9.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/10.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/0/11.0 down default untagged blocked by STP ge-0/1/0.0 up IT 200 tagged unblocked SALES 100 tagged unblocked ge-0/1/1.0 down default untagged blocked by STP
Note the VLAN Tags in the above output indicating that both the SALES and IT VLAN’s are being trunked over interface ge-0/1/0.0.
I hope this has been a useful explanation. In my next Junos Basics post I’ll cover aggregated Ethernet interfaces using the Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP).
Thanks for reading.
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